The FCA continues to be the federal government’s primary civil enforcement tool for investigating allegations that healthcare providers or government contractors defrauded the federal government. In the coming weeks, we will continue to take a closer look at recent legal developments involving the FCA. This week, we examine the requirement that a relator plead and prove that a defendant acted with the requisite level of knowledge to establish an FCA claim and evaluate how courts have evaluated this issue in recent cases.
To prevail in FCA cases, relators or the government must prove that the defendant acted with the requisite level of knowledge in connection with the FCA allegations at issue. In a number of cases, defendants made considerable headway in convincing courts to scrutinize allegations of knowledge closely, particularly in instances where defendants argued that the underlying conduct at issue was governed by ambiguous statutes or regulations.